Capital" of Russia is situated at the coast of Finland's Gulf of Baltic
Sea in a “mouth” of the river Neva and on islands of the Neva delta. The city
is located on 60-th degree of northern breadth, i.e. at that breadth which
passes through the south of Alaska, Chukotka, Greenland, capitals of the
Scandinavian states: Helsinki, Stockholm and Oslo.
St.Petersburg from all over the world come to observe delightful "white
nights". They come on May, 25-26 and come to an end on July, 16-17. The
peak of the white nights is necessary for June, 21-22'st when day length makes
18 hours of 53 minutes, i.e. the sun only for a short while comes for horizon.
St.-Petersburg borrows territory 606 sq.km., together with suburbs – 1 439
sq.km. Extent of city from the north on the south makes 44 km, from the West on
the east – 25 km. The population according to last census – 4 780 000.
St.Petersburg transitive from sea to continental, soft and damp, with significant
overcast, frequent fogs and rains.
In the autumn
of 1702 during Northern war the Russian armies have taken Swedish fortress
Noteburgh. Thus, the output of Russia to Baltic sea has been opened, "the
window to the Europe is cut through". Emperor Peter I have enjoined - to
construct for strengthening northern borders a fortress in a mouth of the river
of Neva - and in May, 1703 on the Harrell island in delta of Neva was there is
begun construction fortress Saint-Peter-Burgh.
Date of a
bookmark of a fortress - on May, 23 (on May, 16 on old style) 1703 became day
of the basis of city of St.-Petersburg. Per 1711 the imperial family and a
court yard have moved on coast of Neva, and per 1712 the capital of Russia has
been transferred to St.Petersburg.
From the very
beginning of construction Peter I aspired to create "regular", smart
city. City with a precise lay-out and the general architectural decisions.
City – the
palace. City - "dazzling" capital of the great state. Therefore the
external shape of St.Petersburg was defined only by leading architects of time.
architect of the capital, who has developed the plan of city centre, became
D.Trezini. In city created B.Rastrelli and K.Rossi, O.Monferran and J.Felten,
V.Bazhenov and A.Voronihin, and also other brilliant masters. Their work has
made our city "Northern Venice", "The museum open-air" with
which admire all who, even time, has visited St.Petersburg.
St.Petersburg’s PALACES AND MUSEUMS
St.Petersburg are magnificent. Tsarskoe Selo (Pushkin), Pavlovsk, Petrodvorets
(Peterhof) and Gatchina – masterpieces of palace-park ensembles. Catharine
palace in Pushkin with Amber Room recently opened for excursions – are simply
SUBURBS of the St.Petersburg
inspired A.Pushkin and M.Lermontov, L.Tolstoy and N.Gogol, A.Blok and
A.Ahmatova, many and many other things remarkable poets and prose writers. Music
of great composers P.Tchaikovsky and M.Musorgsky, N.Glinka and D.Shostakovich,
for the first time sounded in St.Petersburg, till now submits people all over
– the largest museum center not only in Russia, but also all over the world. More
than 100 museums among which world-wide well-known the Hermitage and Russian
museum, possess a unique collection of products of painting, a sculpture,
schedules, arts and crafts.
– the well-known theatrical center. The European capitals can envy theatrical
repertoire all. Troupe of Mariinsky (Kirov) theatre led by the maestro of
Century V.Gergiev - the welcome guest of the best world theatrical and ballet
– the largest research and educational center. Scientific schools, theoretical
and applied researches of scientists of St.Petersburg in the field of
humanitarian and engineering science are recognized all over the world.
– the largest seaport of Russia on the Baltic Sea. Hundred thousand passengers
and millions tons of cargoes pass annually through Peter "window to the
We shall be glad to see
you in our fine city and hope, that it will subdue you and you become its